Key Researchers

  • Treatment in correctional settings plus aftercare in the community when offenders are released leads to substantial reductions in the rates of re-incarceration and the associated costs of arrest, prosecution, and incarceration (McCollister et al., 2003a, 2003b, 2004).

    Studies in California (McCollister et al., 2003b, 2004) and Delaware (McCollister et al., 2003a) confirm that in-prison treatment combined with continued care in the community following release is the most cost-effective treatment strategy for individuals involved with the criminal justice system. After five years, there was a 13% reduction in days of re-incarceration when inmates who completed an in-prison therapeutic community were compared with inmates who were assigned to a waitlist; the reduction was even more dramatic (45%) if the offenders continued in aftercare when released (McCollister et al., 2003a, 2003b, 2004). Similar results were found when services in Delaware were examined 18 months after program completion (McCollister et al., 2003a).



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A National Program supported by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation with direction and technical assistance provided by the Center for Creative Leadership.
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